Dementia is a non-specific syndrome wherein the cognitive function of the brain is progressively compromised. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia observed, with the number of patients suffering from this condition ranging between 50% and 60%. Memory, problem solving, language and attention are the spheres of cognitive function that are affected by dementia at the time of onset. Later, one loses his orientation, track of time or even his bearings and fail to identify those around him.

Dementia is a non-specific syndrome wherein the cognitive function of the brain is progressively compromised. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia observed, with the number of patients suffering from this condition ranging between 50% and 60%. Memory, problem solving, language and attention are the spheres of cognitive function that are affected by dementia at the time of onset. Later, one loses his orientation, track of time or even his bearings and fail to identify those around him.

The causes of dementia are varied:

1. Head injury

Be it a vehicular accident or a tumble down the stairs, gunshot wounds in the head or an unfortunate hit during a boxing bout, when brain cells are damage due to the jolt received by the head, dementia can follow. However, such head injuries are often reversible causes – that is dementia is curable.

2. Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is defined as a neurological condition that results in the irreversible loss of neurons and subsequently cognitive and intellectual capability. Memory loss and inability to reason are profound symptoms of this condition, making social functioning impossible for those affected. Alzheimer’s is the leading cause of dementia.

3. Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is the term that refers to the collection of too much cerebrospinal fluid outside the brain. Cerebrospinal fluid is the medium in which the brain floats and is protected. However, too much fluid is counter-productive or fatal and exerts pressure on the brain, compressing it. Even when the fluid accumulates in ventricles, brain tissue is compressed from within. This condition results in one losing mental control, with memory loss, loss of control on urinary bladder and difficult in transmitting motor signals.

4. Stroke

Cardio-vascular problems too can cause dementia. Every cell in the body requires adequate oxygen to function, and the brain is no different. If there are any cardio-vascular problems that hinder this oxygen supply to the brain, vascular dementia is caused.

5. Lewy Bodies

Lewy bodies are spherical structures that develop in neurons and damage the surrounding brain tissue. These bodies damage memory concentration and ability to communicate verbally. The symptoms caused by Lewy bodies are sometimes similar to those of Parkinson’s disease and proper diagnosis is called for.

The symptoms of dementia are easily observed as they are manifested in the form of cognitive and behavioral changes. The symptoms of dementia change according the stage of the condition, from mild to intermediate to severe.

Symptoms of mild dementia:

·         Language problems wherein verbal communication is hindered

·         Inability to recall names, schedules, chores

·         Losing things

·         Judgmental errors uncharacteristic of the individual

·         Mood swings that are unaccounted for

·         Behavioral changes like paranoia

·         Disorientation observed by one trying to get to familiar surroundings

Symptoms of Intermediate Dementia:

·         Loss of motor control with inability to walk straight, calculate the distance between steps resulting in tripping

·         Inability to carry out routine functions like taking a bath, using the toilet, eating or dressing

·         Hallucination

·         Increased disorientation with even home becoming unchartered territory

·         Disturbed sleep and altered body clock

·         Greater loss of cognitive functions

·         Increased behavioral disorders including altered sexual behaviors, aggression

Symptoms of acute / severe dementia:

·         Acute version of most symptoms observed at mild and intermediate levels of dementia

·         Worsened motor functions – inability to walk or move about unassisted

·         Short term and long term memory loss

·         Inability to perform any activity without assistance

·         Dehydration, malnutrition, seizures, infections and loss of bladder control are at profound levels, making living independently impossible.

Those suffering from acute dementia can’t survive without medical assistance and human support and the functions of the brain are affected in more ways than one.

Irina Carter is the author of the site: Sildenafil Citrate UK  where you can get a valuable run-down about ways of men’s problems and its medications. She loves writing about men’s health, supplements, nutrition, fitness and beauty.

Recommended Blogs

Plant-based milks have surged in popularity due to a variety of factors, including the increasing number of people adopting vegan and vegetarian diets, concerns about lactose intolerance, and a growing awareness of the environmental impact of dairy farming. The most popular alternatives are almond, oat, soy and coconut. They  offer diverse flavors and are believed […]

Oats are scientifically known as Avena sativa….a type of cereal grain primarily grown for their edible seeds, which are commonly consumed by humans and used as livestock feed. Although, there are numerous benefits to eating oats that outweigh the potential downsides, you need to caution yourself from overindulging. Let’s look at the 5 main benefits of eating oats first: Improved Heart Health- Oats contain […]

Traditionally, white bread in the USA is made through a process that includes mixing, fermentation, proofing, baking, cooling, slicing, and packaging. The basic ingredients used in this process are wheat flour (enriched with vitamins and minerals like niacin, iron, thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, and folic acid), water, yeast, salt, sugar and fat (such as butter, vegetable […]

Related Blogs

The year was 2007, and medical scientists from around the globe made a brain health discovery that would change the face of medical science forever. What did they find? A village where brains neither aged nor were affected by degenerative brain disease. Villagers between the ages of 50 and 70 had the brain function of a 20 or […]

May 11, 2016

Over-worked? Stressed? Anxiety-ridden? Despite what you may think, or feel right in this moment of distress, it doesn’t have to be this way. Take a deep breath and try these helpful tips for mental clarity. Sage Away Sage is used in many different ways. When dried sage bundles are tied together and lit, a purifying […]